Fana Kochovska-Tsvetkovikj Petra

Portrait of Fana Kochovska-Tsvetkovikj. Source: apla. mk/denes/item/2627-na-deneshen-den-pochina-fanakochovska- cvetkovikj-najmladiot-naroden-heroj-voporaneshna- jugoslavija

The village Lavtsi, the birthplace of Fani Kochovska, was a traditional village in the vicinity of the city of Bitola, many of whose residents worked abroad. The economic migrations of the locals, who worked in the western and transatlantic countries, brought back progressive ideas from the world’s latest movements. Soon after the birth of Fana,… Continue reading Fana Kochovska-Tsvetkovikj Petra

Elpida Karamandi-Bisera

Portrait of Elpida Karamandi. Source: www.

1.1.1920 – 3.5.1942

Editors-in-Chief and the printing house of the first Macedonian newsletter for women “Makedonka” – a body of the Anti-Fascist Front of Women (AFW)

Illegal partisan printing workshop “Gotse Delchev”, village Gorno Vranovtsi, Veles region. Source:

The newsletter “Makedonka” was a body of the Anti-Fascist Front of Women of Macedonia (AFWM) and was the first printed publication edited by women and dedicated to the problems of women in Macedonia during the Second World War and the post-war building of the country. The editor-in-chief of the newsletter was the activist and politician… Continue reading Editors-in-Chief and the printing house of the first Macedonian newsletter for women “Makedonka” – a body of the Anti-Fascist Front of Women (AFW)

Gusti Jirku Stridsberg

Gusti Jirku Stridsberg (detail). Property of Voge family, taken from the book The Six Lives of Gusti Stridsberg (2020)

Born in 1902 in Ukraine as Augustina Franziska Mayer; died in 1978 in Sweden. Writer, translator, journalist, war correspondent, and alleged secret agent. Not many lives bear as compelling a testament to the turbulent 20th century as the fate of Gusti Jirku Stridsberg. She was born on the fringe of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and spent… Continue reading Gusti Jirku Stridsberg

Ljuba Prenner

Dr Ljuba Prenner with friends in Slovenj Gradec in 1938, when he was writing his most successful book. Legacy of Dr Ljuba Prenner, Carinthian Regional Museum Archive

Born in 1906 in Fara near Prevalje; died in 1977 in Ljubljana. Barrister, writer, activist. Already in his youth, Amalija Marija Prenner changed his name to Ljuba, identifying himself as a man. His life was hard and marked by transitions between genders, places, ideologies, and occupations. Despite his clear ambitions, he spent a long time… Continue reading Ljuba Prenner

Victims of Witch Trials

The town and castle of Ribnica (detail). Engraving from The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola (1689) by J. W. von Valvasor. Museum of Ribnica

In the Slovenian lands, witch trials spanned a period of 200 years (1546–1746) and resulted in the death of between 500 and 1,000 victims. Most of them were women. “Witch hunt” is a synonym for the persecution of all those who are different or dissident, as suspected culprits for all that is wrong in the… Continue reading Victims of Witch Trials

Josipina Urbančič Turnograjska

Oil painting of Josipina Urbančič by Josef Hofholzer (detail), 1851. National and University Library, Ljubljana

Born in 1833 at Turn Castle in Preddvor; died in 1854 in Graz. She was the first Slovenian woman writer, poet, storyteller, and composer. The mid-19th century marks the beginning of the cultural battle for Slovenian language use on the Slovenian territory among the intellectuals who were mainly using German. Inspired by the pan-Slavic movement,… Continue reading Josipina Urbančič Turnograjska

The Forgotten Half of Novo Mesto

Ilka Vašte (detail). Collection of portrait photographs of famous Slovenians (1997), National and University Library, Ljubljana

The Forgotten Half of Novo Mesto project rekindles the memory of Marta Mušič Slapar, Ivana Oblak, Ilka Vašte and other outstanding women who have made a lasting mark on the capital of the Dolenjska region. The economic and cultural centre of south-east Slovenia, founded as a city already in the distant year 1365, bears imprints… Continue reading The Forgotten Half of Novo Mesto

Workers in Tobacco Industry

“Cigar woman” at work. National Museum of Contemporary History of Slovenia

The lion’s share of tobacco factory workers was represented by women, from the founding of the Ljubljana-based tobacco factory in 1871 to the discontinuation of the tobacco line in 2004.   After the Sugar Factory fire in 1873, the Ljubljana-based Tobacco Factory was moved to the new complex on Tržaška. It triggered the growth of… Continue reading Workers in Tobacco Industry

Alojzija Štebi

Alojzija Štebi (detail). Photo archive of the former Historical Archives of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Slovenia, I/298, Archives of the Republic of Slovenia, SI AS 1549

Born in 1883 in Ljubljana, where she died in 1956. Educator, activist, editor, journalist and among the first Slovenian women politicians. Alojzija Štebi was one of the first politicians among Slovenian women, and one of the most prominent Slovenian and Yugoslavian feminists. She began her career as a teacher which was one of the few… Continue reading Alojzija Štebi

Branka Jurca

Branka Jurca (detail). Legacy of Branka Jurca, Ivan Potrč Library Ptuj

Born in 1914 in Kopriva; died on 6 March 1999 in Ljubljana. Author of much-loved children’s and young-adult books, editor of children’s journal Ciciban, and writer of – until recently – significantly underappreciated adult literature. Branka Jurca was a prolific writer, publicist, and author of children’s and young-adult fiction. She lived and worked in Maribor… Continue reading Branka Jurca

Women in World War I

Women and children in Tržič knit socks and jackets for soldiers. Tedenske slike, 23 September 1914, National and University Library, Ljubljana

When we think of World War I, we see the soldiers suffering on the fronts; however, the struggles of women in cities, behind the lines, or even on the fronts were no less significant. World War I interrupted the period of modernization and democratization in the early 20th century. Although people first thought it would… Continue reading Women in World War I

Partisan Doctors and Nurses

Nurses from the Franja Partisan Hospital, 1944. Standing from right to left: Jolanda Žagar, Anica Štucin, Adelina Zanitti, and Mira Mihelin Nataša. Cerkno Museum

Between 1942 and 1945, female partisan doctors and nurses and their fellow male combatants ran the most extensive resistance medical service in Europe in secret hospitals. Between 1939 and 1945, the world was at war. The resistance movement against Nazism and Fascism also developed in Slovenia, but the occupying forces did not acknowledge the partisans… Continue reading Partisan Doctors and Nurses

Retracing the Herstory of Celje

Celje city centre with the City Hall, mid-20th century. Photo Josip Pelikan, Celje Museum of Recent History

The herstorical figures of Celje include Vera Levstik, Tončka Čeč, Pavla Jesih, Olga Vrabič, Božena Pelikan, Ana Baumbach and others highlighted by the TraCEs project. The walk through the history of Celje from a female perspective begins outside the Celje Museum of Recent History, the former City Hall that was also home to the city’s… Continue reading Retracing the Herstory of Celje

Vida Tomšič

Vida Tomšič (detail), secretary of the Federal People’s Assembly of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia and president of Antifascist Women’s Front of Yugoslavia, 1948. AFŽ Archive

Born in 1913 in Ljubljana, where she died in 1998. Lawyer, partisan, politician and the first Slovenian female Minister in the first Slovenian government in Yugoslavia. Vida Bernot enrolled in the Ljubljana Faculty of Law in the 1930s, when more and more women opted for university studies. Her general disappointment over the political conditions in… Continue reading Vida Tomšič